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READING LEVEL 3 | Teacher manual

  • Text
  • Correctly
  • Paragraph
  • Vocabulary
  • Violin
  • Scrap
  • Cities
  • Zebra
  • Skunk
  • Monkeys
  • Forword
Teacher manual Reading level 3 Fast ForWord

Twisted Pictures How

Twisted Pictures How Students Work on Twisted Pictures When the student clicks the yellow paw, a painting and four sentences appear. The student must choose the sentence that most accurately describes the painting. KEYBOARD SHORTCUTS Button Keyboard Shortcut Paw Space bar Responses, top to bottom Number keys 1 through 4 How Students Progress through Twisted Pictures Twisted Pictures progresses through three levels of difficulty as follows: ➤ Level 1: The student works on sentences that contain, on average, 6 words. Words are at the 2nd grade level at highest. ➤ Level 2: The student works on sentences that contain, on average, 8 words. Words are at the 3rd grade level at highest. ➤ Level 3: The student works on sentences that contain, on average, 12 words. Words are at the 4th grade level at highest. At each level, Twisted Pictures presents 6 tiers of syntactic complexity. Each tier contains several different syntactic structures (categories) that are all mastered at roughly the same age: ➤ 1st tier: Simple clauses, prepositional phrases, negations, conjunctions ➤ 2nd tier: Subject relativization—sentences containing a relative clause that describes the subject of the main clause ➤ 3rd tier: Transformations and embeddings that challenge Subject-Verb-Object parsing ➤ 4th tier: Complex subject relativization—sentences containing a Subject-Verb-Object relative clause that describes the subject of the main clause ➤ 5th tier: Object relativization—Subject-Verb-Object sentences containing a relative clause that describes the object of the main clause ➤ 6th tier: Cleft sentences and subject infinitival clauses Fast ForWord Reading Level 3 | 45

Twisted Pictures How Students Advance in Twisted Pictures Twisted Pictures presents syntactic structure categories in variable order to give the student exposure to all syntactic structures. This strategy simulates real-life situations in which the student is surrounded by people using a variety of syntactic structures in everyday conversation. It also prevents the student from advancing steadily and then suddenly getting stuck, becoming frustrated, and withdrawing attention from the exercise. The student works on 4 different trials for each category, and the student works on all 4 of these trials before Twisted Pictures moves on to the next category. Twisted Pictures presents a total of 17 different syntax structure categories at each level. Mastery Twisted Pictures does not use plateau-based transitions for the following reasons: • Twisted Pictures presents all categories of syntactic complexity at each level. • Each level increases the difficulty of sentence length and vocabulary level but not the complexity of the syntax. 46 | Fast ForWord Reading Level 3