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READING LEVEL 3 | Teacher manual

  • Text
  • Correctly
  • Paragraph
  • Vocabulary
  • Violin
  • Scrap
  • Cities
  • Zebra
  • Skunk
  • Monkeys
  • Forword
Teacher manual Reading level 3 Fast ForWord

tWisted Pictures GOAL

tWisted Pictures GOAL ➤ To develop sentence comprehension skills. Objectives ➤ Improve skills in using syntax (part of speech). ➤ Improve vocabulary skills. ➤ Improve working memory. ➤ Improve logical thinking skills. SKILLS Cognitive Skills Memory — recall of vocabulary and grammatical structures from long-term memory while holding multiple sentences in working memory and comparing them Attention — sustained attention Processing — linguistic and visual processing Sequencing — use word order to help determine precise meanings Reading/Language Arts Skills ➤ Sentence comprehension — Determine best of four syntactically similar sentences describing accompanying picture. ➤ Syntax — Work with 17 syntactic structures of varying complexity. ➤ Logical reasoning — Work with sentences that use reversible nouns, similar vocabulary, and similar syntax. ➤ Vocabulary — Use more advanced vocabulary words in longer sentences; expand automatic word recognition skills. Fast ForWord Reading Level 3 | 43

Twisted Pictures Reading Curriculum Standards (Note: Twisted Pictures also presents instruction that is above and below grade level) ➤ Use sentence and word context to find meaning of unknown words. ➤ Understand and be able to use complete and correct declarative, interrogative, and imperative sentences. ➤ Identify articles. ➤ Identify adjectives and compound words. ➤ Identify pronouns. ➤ Identify past, present, and future verb tenses properly. ➤ Demonstrate comprehension by pinpointing answers in text. ➤ Extract appropriate and significant information from text, including problems and solutions. Description Twisted Pictures helps the student improve sentence comprehension in the following ways: ➤ Sentence comprehension: Twisted Pictures presents four syntactically similar sentences, one of which best describes the picture shown. The participant must comprehend each sentence in order to choose the sentence that best describes the picture. ➤ Syntax: Twisted Pictures presents 17 syntactic structures of varying complexity. ➤ Working memory: The participant must hold each word of the four presented sentences in mind to construct a gist for each sentence, and then must hold those in mind while choosing the correct sentence. Developing working memory abilities will help the participant not only keep sentence meaning in mind but also read and comprehend more complicated and lengthy texts. ➤ Logical reasoning: Because sentences use reversible nouns, similar vocabulary and similar syntax, the participant must use logical reasoning rather than relying only on common sense to comprehend each sentence and choose the correct sentence. Using logical reasoning to comprehend sentences allows the participant to become a flexible reader. ➤ Vocabulary: As the participant progresses, Twisted Pictures presents longer sentences that use more advanced vocabulary words. Vocabulary skills contribute to automatic word recognition, which is an important factor in fluent reading. Reading a key set of words several times in different sentences further contributes to automatic word recognition. The student helps the museum get things organized by matching the correct descriptive sentences to their corresponding paintings. 44 | Fast ForWord Reading Level 3