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Teacher Manual Reading comprehension

Exercise Overview Did

Exercise Overview Did you know? Reading comprehension involves creating a mental model of text in working memory then revising the model as the text progresses. This requires an ability to make two types of meaningful connections: connecting separate pieces of literal information, and linking literal information from the text to the reader’s background knowledge. The ability to link literal information provided in a text involves grammatical skills such as pronoun resolution or recognizing causal relationships. Linking literal information from the text to the reader’s background knowledge requires drawing inferences, such as inferring why a character acted in a specific way. Most students need explicit instruction and practice in linking literal textual information and drawing inferences. Students who are learning English as a second language or those with oral language limitations require more extended specific practice with these skills. Progression In Cognobot, the student progresses through the texts across 3 levels of difficulty. The exercise varies several factors to make the tasks more challenging. Within the passage texts (fiction, nonfiction, and poems), the exercise varies 3 factors: • the vocabulary level (2nd - 4th grade) • the length of the sentences (10 - 16 words) • the length of the passages (6 - 8 sentences) Within the reference texts (tables, schedules, and instructions), the exercise varies 2 factors: • the topics shift from concrete and familiar to abstract and/or less familiar • the length or complexity of the text increases Cognobot adapts to the student’s performance and provides targeted interventions if the student is struggling. 20 Cognobot Teacher Manual

Exercise Overview Motivational Levels After each 20% of progress through the exercise, students “level up” and the screen changes slightly. These motivational levels are not connected to specific content. Level 1 Level 2 Level 3 Level 4 Level 5 Targeted Practice This exercise uses built-in, responsive technology to detect when a student is struggling and administer targeted, inline instruction—right when the student needs it—without any external resources or assistance required. This helps reduce frustration as it quickly gets the student back on track, so they can continue making progress. One type of intervention, Tables, is used when a student is struggling with reading tables. The student is shown an example and walked through an explanation on how tables are organized by vertical columns and horizontal rows, and how the information is grouped by concept. Tables are useful for organizing information by grouping similar concepts and showing relationships. For example, this table lists some of the animals that are state symbols... Cognobot Teacher Manual 21