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6 months ago

FOUNDATIONS I Teacher Manual

  • Text
  • Overview
  • Syllables
  • Vocabulary
  • Autoplay
  • Processing
  • Struggling
  • Facilitate
  • Encourage
  • Content
  • Manual
STERK Engels Teacher Manual Foundadions !

Exercise Overview

Exercise Overview Exercise Screen 1 3 2 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 1 Menu Shows: • Time Spent / Time Scheduled for the exercise. • Network connection status. • Exit: Returns student to the Assignments dashboard. • Continue: Returns student to the exercise. 2 Points Shows total points awarded across all of a day’s sessions. • Correct answers: 1 point for each correct answer. • Bonus points: 10 points for 6 streaks of correct answers. • Autoplay bonus: double the usual points if all questions in a set are answered correctly. 3 Time Fills in from left to right to show the amount of time spent vs. the time scheduled for the exercise. 4 Highest Streak Shows the highest number of consecutive correct grids passed in this session. 5 Current Streak Shows the number of consecutive correct answers since the last incorrect answer (or since the beginning of the session, if no answers have been incorrect). 6 Help Allows students to listen closely to the current sound sweeps and take practice attempts without affecting their progress. 7 Replay Repeats the sound or sequence of sounds. 8 Go Starts a question or a series of Autoplay questions. When an Autoplay sequence is in progress, this counter shows how many questions remain in the sequence. 9 Answer Buttons Respond to a question by clicking the up and down arrows in the right order to match the sound or sequence of sounds presented in the target sequence. 10 Progress Meter Tracks and celebrates every 10% of exercise content completion. Shows actual percent complete for the exercise. 11 Autoplay Turns Autoplay on or off; when “on” each click of the Go button presents a series of three or more questions. 12 Feeder Meter Tracks and celebrates every 1% of exercise content completion. 60 Sky Gym Teacher Manual

Task Exercise Overview In Sky Gym, students listen to frequency-modulated sweep sounds that change their pitch, going from low to high (an up sweep or “Weep”) or from high to low (a down sweep or “Woop”). Many speech sounds (phonemes) include sweeps. For example, to distinguish /b/ from /d/, one must be able to distinguish and recognize the sweep components of those speech sounds. Sky Gym begins with single sweeps, then progresses to paired sweeps. Students must click the Go button to hear a sweep or a pair of sweeps. If they hear a single sweep, they must click the up or down arrow to match that sound. If they hear a pair of sweeps, they must click the up and down arrows in the correct order to match the pattern of sounds. Content As students progress in Sky Gym, the exercise presents paired sweeps that change in frequency, duration, and inter-stimulus interval (ISI—the silence between the paired sweeps). Frequency: Each frequency sweep starts at a base frequency, measured in Hertz (Hz) or cycles per second. The exercise rotates through three base frequencies, to promote generalization to natural human speech. • Low (500 Hz) • Middle (1000 Hz) • High (2000 Hz) Duration: Each frequency sweep also varies in length or duration, measured in milliseconds (ms). As students progress, they move from longer to shorter sweeps, which increases the difficulty of the task. Changes to the sweep duration push the brain to process very rapid transitions, such as those found in natural speech. • 80 ms • 60 ms • 40 ms • 35 ms • 30 ms Inter-stimulus Interval (ISI): When a pair of frequency sweeps is presented, there may be a silent pause or gap between the two. This gap is also known as the inter-stimulus interval, or ISI, and it is measured in milliseconds (ms). As students progress, the gap gets shorter (dropping from 500ms to 0ms—no gap at all). This increases the difficulty of the task. Changes to the ISI push the brain to process sounds separately, even when they occur very close together. Sky Gym Teacher Manual 61