Views
5 months ago

FOUNDATIONS I Teacher Manual

  • Text
  • Overview
  • Syllables
  • Vocabulary
  • Autoplay
  • Processing
  • Struggling
  • Facilitate
  • Encourage
  • Content
  • Manual
STERK Engels Teacher Manual Foundadions !

Facilitate and Encourage

Facilitate and Encourage Introduce Engage: Phonemic Discrimination To introduce this part of the exercise to your students, say: Words are made up of different sounds or combinations of sounds. In fact, although our alphabet has 26 letters there are 44 different sounds (phonemes) because some letters have more than one sound. For example, the letter ‘c’ makes two different sounds in words like cat and celery, and it makes a third sound when it comes before ‘h,’ in words like chair. In this exercise, it’s important to pay attention to the sounds you hear. I am going to say some words. Close your eyes and listen to the sounds that make up each word. Remember, I want you to identify the “sounds” not the “letters” in these words. Say a simple word like dog. Ask, What is the first sound you hear in dog? What is the last sound? What is the middle sound? Students should answer /d/, /g/, and /aw/. What sounds can the letter ‘o’ make other than the /aw/ sound in dog? Possible answers: /oo/ as in who, /long -o/ as in toe. Repeat the activity with other words that either begin with /d/ or end with /og/. Demo: Phonemic Discrimination 1. Say: Today, we’re going to practice listening to words and then finding the pictures that best represent those words. Together, we’ll work on an exercise called Robo-Dog. I’ll get us started, and then I’d like for you to try. 2. Project the “Introduction – English or Spanish demo” for Robo-Dog. 3. Follow along with the demo, which explains how the exercise works. • Describe the details you see in the pictures. • Explain which one is the best match and how you ruled out the other options. • Correct answer: a “ding” plays and a pair of nets pop out from the edge of the screen and drag the matching objects off screen • Incorrect answer: no sound plays and the objects remain on the screen 4. Demo the keyboard shortcuts: • Go button = Space bar • Possible answers (left to right, start in top row) = Number keys 1 - 4 Direct students to log in and work individually on this Robo-Dog Demo for approximately 10 minutes. This time period mimics the timing of the exercise once it’s assigned. Debrief with students to ensure they understand the task and objective of the exercise. Ask: What did you notice? Have students share anything that they have questions about. 50 Robo-Dog Teacher Manual

Facilitate and Encourage Introduce Engage: Academic Vocabulary To introduce this part of the exercise to your students, you can start by saying: Some words you will encounter are closely tied to a content area, such as science or math, and are important to you being able to understand concepts and information in those classes. What are some words from these subject areas? Have students call out words related to these two domains as you list them on the board under the headings, Science Words and Math Words. Say: Research has shown that if you actively process or work with vocabulary words, you can remember them better than if you just copy the dictionary definitions and try to memorize them. With a few examples from each list, ask students to: • Provide a description, explanation, or example of the word in your own words. • Create a picture, pictograph, or symbolic representation of the term. Demo: Academic Vocabulary 1. Say: Today, we’re going to practice finding the picture that best represents a word presented. Together, we’ll work on an exercise called Robo-Dog. I’ll get us started, and then I’d like for you to try. 2. Project the “Late Levels > Academic Vocabulary, Natural Speech demo” for Robo-Dog. 3. Follow along with the demo. • Describe the details you see in the pictures. • Explain which one is the best match and how you ruled out the other options. • Choose an answer. • Correct answer: a “ding” sound effect plays, the answer is highlighted, and the word appears below the picture • Incorrect answer: a “thunk” sound plays, the correct answer is highlighted with the correct word below, and the incorrect answers are dimmed 4. Demo the keyboard shortcuts: • Go button = Space bar • Possible answers (left to right, start in top row) = Number keys 1 - 4 Direct students to log in and work individually on this Robo-Dog Demo for approximately 10 minutes. This time period mimics the timing of the exercise once it’s assigned. Debrief with students to ensure they understand the task and objective of the exercise. Ask: What did you notice? Have students share anything that they have questions about. Robo-Dog includes instructional audio for the exercise introduction and instructions. By default, these are presented in English. You can, however, select Spanish instructions for all, some, or individual students on the Manage page in mySciLEARN. Robo-Dog Teacher Manual 51