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FOUNDATIONS I Teacher Manual

  • Text
  • Overview
  • Syllables
  • Vocabulary
  • Autoplay
  • Processing
  • Struggling
  • Facilitate
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  • Content
  • Manual
STERK Engels Teacher Manual Foundadions !

Exercise Overview Task

Exercise Overview Task In Robo-Dog, students listen to a target word and view 2-4 pictures, then click the picture that best represents the target word they just heard. Content Students work on two separate types of content, phoneme discrimination and academic vocabulary. Phoneme Discrimination: the exercise presents 132 basic vocabulary words at the grade K-2 level. These words have similar sounding consonants that are emphasized and contrasted. Focusing on general vocabulary comprehension helps students build language and sound discrimination skills without having to decode less familiar terms. Academic Vocabulary: the exercise presents math and science academic vocabulary terms organized in domain specific groups: Number Sense, Earth Sciences, Arithmetic, Geometry and Life Sciences. Note: As Robo-Dog introduces new content, it presents a teaching activity to help familiarize students with the words and pictures for the vocabulary. This can be particularly helpful to younger students, English language learners, and special education students. Did you know? Phonological awareness is the ability to identify and manipulate units of oral language–such as words, syllables, and onsets and rimes. Students who have phonological awareness skills are able to determine the number of syllables in a word, recognize words with the same beginning or ending sounds, and identify and make oral rhymes. The ability to parse words into their individual sounds (phonological awareness) is a critical skill underlying the ability to decode written words (phonics). Did you know? Fluent use of math and science vocabulary is integral to understanding concepts as well as developing and consolidating skills in these domains. If students don’t understand domain specific vocabulary terms, they are unable to follow classroom instruction or comprehend written text material, which will negatively affect their academic achievement in those subject areas. Some students, such as English language learners, those with non-standard dialects, or students with hearing issues, may have difficulty with phonological awareness, especially of similarly sounding consonants like /b/ and /d/. Developing strong competencies in phonological awareness is important for all students, as the awareness of the sounds in words and syllables is critical to hearing and segmenting the words students want to spell, and blending together the sounds in words that students read. 46 Robo-Dog Teacher Manual

Exercise Overview Progression In Robo-Dog, students work on the content in two activities. Phonemic Discrimination: students progress through 5 speech processing levels. As students move through levels 1 to 4, the degree of speech processing decreases, until finally the words are presented using natural speech. Four factors vary to make the task progressively more difficult within each speech processing level: • the difficulty of the target sound • the difficulty of the possible answers • the position of the target sound (initial vs. final) Speech Processing Level Target Sound Positions 1 • Initial or Final • Initial • Final 2 • Initial or Final • Initial • Final 3 • Initial or Final • Initial • Final 4 • Initial or Final • Initial • Final Natural Speech • Initial or Final Difficulty Level of Possible Answers Vocabulary Instruction Sample Words Easy On base, face, bear, bell, safe, save, dip, sip Difficult Difficult Off chip, dip, sip, zip me, knee, bee, D bug, buck, bud, bus phone, foam, foal, four Difficult Difficult Academic Vocabulary: students are provided with the most support early on and increasingly less support as they progress through the content: Speech Processing Level Natural Speech Natural Speech Vocabulary Groups • Number Sense and Earth Sciences • Arithmetic and Geography • Life Sciences • Number Sense and Earth Sciences • Arithmetic and Geography • Life Sciences Vocabulary Instruction On Off Sample Words penny, nickel, dime, quarter fog, cloud, dew, rainfall feathers, skin, fur, scales Natural Speech Math and Science vocabulary from domain specific groups are intermixed Robo-Dog adapts to the student’s performance at each level and provides targeted interventions with just-in-time assistance if the student is struggling. Robo-Dog Teacher Manual 47