6 months ago

FOUNDATIONS I Teacher Manual

  • Text
  • Overview
  • Syllables
  • Vocabulary
  • Autoplay
  • Processing
  • Struggling
  • Facilitate
  • Encourage
  • Content
  • Manual
STERK Engels Teacher Manual Foundadions !

Exercise Overview Did

Exercise Overview Did you know? Phonological fluency affects reading fluency. If students are unable to quickly and easily distinguish between all the sounds presented in a word, they may mispronounce or misremember words in a passage. Building phonological memory and fluency with Moon Ranch can help students strengthen reading skills by training them to hear all of the sounds in a syllable or word. Phoneme: the smallest unit of sound in a word. Phonemes include all the distinct units of sound (consonants and vowels) used by the speakers of a language: /b/ /a/ /t/. Syllable: a cluster of sounds that includes exactly one vowel: bat = 1 syllable. Phonological memory: the ability to hold speech-based information in memory. We rely heavily on our phonological memory when reading and spelling. Students with poor phonological memory are unable to remember and then repeat nonsense words of increasing length and complexity. They tend to forget parts of a word or confuse the sounds and/or sequence of sounds in a word. Phonological fluency: the ability to identify and manipulate speech sounds quickly and efficiently, such as, distinguishing between the syllables /ba/ and /da/. Targeted Practice This exercise uses built-in, responsive technology to detect when a student is struggling and administer targeted, inline instruction—right when the student needs it—without any external resources or assistance required. This helps reduce frustration as it quickly gets the student back on track, so they can continue making progress. Moon Ranch provides a variety of in-product interventions, such as: explanations, easier questions, coaching, and focus mode. For example, the Practice Mode intervention allows students to review a sound set by actually practicing and getting feedback on their efforts, without earning points or affecting their progress. The student can return to the exercise after listening to each sound 2 times. The sounds in Moon Ranch may be hard to tell apart. Can you hear the difference? Click each of the Go buttons at least two times, listen for the sound that is different, and click as soon as you hear it. 34 Moon Ranch Teacher Manual

Introduce Engage Facilitate and Encourage To introduce the exercise to your students, you can start by explaining to students that they will be listening to two syllables that sound alike. Say: In this exercise you will be asked to choose between two syllables that sound alike, such as /ba/ and /da/. This seems like it should be very easy but these types of syllables can be difficult for our brains to tell apart, especially in some listening situations like in a noisy room, or when listening to someone who mumbles or who talks very quickly. If you don’t hear these sounds clearly, you might misinterpret what someone is saying. For example, if you don’t hear the difference between “my friend’s bad” instead of “my friend’s dad” you could be very confused about a situation. Students will encounter easily confusable pairs of syllables in Moon Ranch, so it will be helpful to have students practice the sounds prior to working on the exercise. Explain how the exercise works. Say: You will hear a series of syllables, and you will click an image when you hear the syllable change. We are going to practice listening to these sounds before you work on this exercise. Target Syllable SOUND SETS Pronunciation Alternate Syllable Pronunciation /gi/ (ghee) /ki/ (key) /chu/ (chew) /shu/ (shoe) /si/ (see) /sti/ (stee) /ke/ (cay) /ge/ (gay) /to/ (toe) /do/ (doe) /ba/ (bah) /da/ (dah) 1. Ask students to close their eyes and listen to you say the two sounds /gi/ and /ki/. 2. Have them repeat the sounds with you. Talk about changes in the shape of their mouth and jaw when they say each of the two sounds. 3. Block your mouth with your hand or a piece of paper (so that the students can’t guess an answer by reading your lips), or ask students to keep their eyes closed and listen carefully while you say /ki/. Ask the student to raise their hands when they hear the syllable change to /gi/. 4. Practice this same routine with the other sound sets. Moon Ranch Teacher Manual 35