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FOUNDATIONS I Teacher Manual

  • Text
  • Overview
  • Syllables
  • Vocabulary
  • Autoplay
  • Processing
  • Struggling
  • Facilitate
  • Encourage
  • Content
  • Manual
STERK Engels Teacher Manual Foundadions !

Exercise Overview Task

Exercise Overview Task In Moon Ranch students answer each question as follows: Click the Go button to start the question. The animal begins pulsing while a series of syllables plays. For example, “ki-ki-ki-ki-gi.” Listen closely! As soon as the syllable changes, click the animal again. For each question, the initial syllable is repeated from 3 to 8 times before the syllable changes. When the syllable changes, the student must respond quickly. This combination of patiently waiting then rapidly responding helps students learn to stay focused and refrain from acting impulsively. Content Students progress through five speech processing levels. Within each speech processing level, students work through directions from one or more of the following categories: Target Syllable /gi/ /chu/ /si/ /ke/ /to/ /ba/ SOUND SETS Alternate Syllable /ki/ /shu/ /sti/ /ge/ /do/ /da/ Wacky Questions To keep the student engaged and attentive, Moon Ranch occasionally presents “wacky” questions— easy-to-answer questions that provide a fun, unexpected break in the exercise. It includes the following wacky questions, with a sound randomly chosen as the target sound: a/i (vowel sounds) low/high tones weep/woop (Sky Gym sounds) Wacky questions do not count toward exercise progression, so the student will not be penalized for incorrect answers. 32 Moon Ranch Teacher Manual

Exercise Overview Progression Within each sound set, students progress through 18 stages. Across these stages the following changes occur: • At first the syllables are modified so that they are easier to tell apart. This support is gradually reduced until the syllables resemble natural speech. • The maximum repetitions of the alternate syllable increases from 6 to 8 after Stage 9. • The syllable presentation becomes more rapid. Time between the syllables (inter-stimulus interval, or ISI) is reduced from 500ms to 300ms. • The time allowed for a response is shortened. Moon Ranch adapts to the students’ performance within each sound set, moving them up and down between stages. Students also cycle between sets. A different set is presented at the beginning of each day, and/or when the student is struggling to progress. Each set is closed after its highest stage is passed. Acoustically Modified Speech Have you ever worked with a student who had modifications for additional think time, extra wait time, or for teachers to speak more slowly? All of these modifications provide the student with extra time to make sense of information, also known as processing time. For students who struggle with processing speed, and for those learning a new language, slowing down the rate of speech and emphasizing specific sounds can be very beneficial to develop accurate phonological representations, while increasing comprehension. “Why does everything sound so strange?” Fast ForWord’s acoustically modified speech technology (sometimes referred to as “glasses for the ears”) slows and emphasizes speech sounds so that students can hear all sounds in a word. This technology can even stretch out sounds that are physically impossible for human speakers to stretch on their own. Some speech sounds, such as the /b/ sound in the word “bat,” have very fast transitional elements. When we say them aloud, these elements are easy to miss, but slowing them and emphasizing them (by presenting them at a higher volume) helps the brain to hear and respond to them more quickly. The modified words and syllables in the Fast ForWord exercises may sound strange or mechanical to those who process sounds quickly. But for students who need a little extra time, the modified sounds and words will be easier to hear than natural speech. As students progress, the stretching and emphasis are reduced, pushing the brain to process at faster and faster rates until it can process natural speech. Why Does Everything Sound So Strange? (Student) in Student & Teacher Resources Why Fast ForWord Sounds the Way it Does (Teacher) in Student & Teacher Resources Moon Ranch Teacher Manual 33