6 months ago

FOUNDATIONS I Teacher Manual

  • Text
  • Overview
  • Syllables
  • Vocabulary
  • Autoplay
  • Processing
  • Struggling
  • Facilitate
  • Encourage
  • Content
  • Manual
STERK Engels Teacher Manual Foundadions !

Exercise Overview

Exercise Overview Targeted Practice This exercise uses built-in, responsive technology to detect when a student is struggling and administer targeted, inline instruction—right when the student needs it—without any external resources or assistance required. This helps reduce frustration as it quickly gets the student back on track so they can continue making progress. Hoop Nut provides a variety of inline interventions such as modeling, alternative instructions, and practice opportunities. The Easy Alternatives intervention uses the same interaction used in the exercise, but with alternative instructions and extra feedback. This allows students to learn the task with extra support provided by familiar words that are easy to tell apart (“A” and “B”) and by visual cues on the acorns. Let’s try some different sounds. Click the acorn that makes the same sound as the Go button. “A” Students get immediate feedback on correct or incorrect answers. Students temporarily stop progressing in the exercise while working through an intervention, then resume when they return to the regular exercise content. Acoustically Modified Speech Have you ever worked with a student who had modifications for additional think time, extra wait time, or for teachers to speak more slowly? All of these modifications provide the student with extra time to make sense of information, also known as processing time. For students who struggle with processing speed, and for those learning a new language, slowing down the rate of speech and emphasizing specific sounds can be very beneficial to develop accurate phonological representations, while increasing comprehension. “Why does everything sound so strange?” Fast ForWord’s acoustically modified speech technology (sometimes referred to as “glasses for the ears”) slows and emphasizes speech sounds so that students can hear all sounds in a word. This technology can even stretch out sounds that are physically impossible for human speakers to stretch on their own. Some speech sounds, such as the /b/ sound in the word “bat,” have very fast transitional elements. When we say them aloud, these elements are easy to miss, but slowing them and emphasizing them (by presenting them at a higher volume) helps the brain to hear and respond to them more quickly. The modified words and syllables in the Fast ForWord exercises may sound strange or mechanical to those who process sounds quickly. But for students who need a little extra time, the modified sounds and words will be easier to hear than natural speech. As students progress, the stretching and emphasis are reduced, pushing the brain to process at faster and faster rates until it can process natural speech. Why Does Everything Sound So Strange? (Student) in Student & Teacher Resources Why Fast ForWord Sounds the Way it Does (Teacher) in Student & Teacher Resources 22 Hoop Nut Teacher Manual

Facilitate and Encourage Introduce Engage To introduce the exercise to your students, start by saying: Maybe you have noticed that there are some words in English that can be difficult or confusing because they sound so much alike, such as bad and dad or bid and did. What are some words that differ by a single consonant that might be hard for you to pronounce or understand if someone spoke them unclearly or if you were listening in a noisy environment? For example: bad, dad, fad, had, lad, mad, and so on. Play a “Word Grab” game: 1. Write a few words that differ by a single consonant on slips of paper (one word per paper) and give a set to a student or group of students. For example: bid, did, hid, kid, lid, mid, rid 2. Put your hand in front of your mouth and call out a word. 3. Have students grab the correct word. Keep calling until there are none left. Explain to students that in this exercise they will be listening to pairs of sounds that differ by just one sound (a consonant). Say: The human auditory system can do amazing things when it is well-tuned. It has to be well-tuned to understand speech sounds because it has to process more than 700 sounds per minute in typical spoken language! This exercise helps tune your auditory system to quickly distinguish an important component of many speech sounds: words that differ by just one sound. The sounds presented are actually phoneme pairs that cover some highly confusable consonant sounds. The object is to listen carefully and determine which of the two sounds you hear matches the first sound presented to you. Demo 1. Say: Today, we’re going to practice identifying the syllable that matches a target syllable. Together, we’ll work on an exercise called Hoop Nut. I’ll get us started, then I’d like for you to try. 2. Project the “Introduction – English or Spanish demo” for Hoop Nut. 3. Follow along with the demo, which explains how the exercise works. • One way to help students identify the different syllables is to have them close their eyes while they listen. Have them say, “First” or “Second” each time they hear first or second syllables. • Choose an answer. • Correct answer: a “ding” sound effect plays and the astro-nut animates • Incorrect answer: a “thunk” sound effect plays 4. Demo the keyboard shortcuts: • Go button = Space bar • Left answer = Left arrow • Right answer = Right arrow Direct students to log in and work individually on the Hoop Nut Demo for approximately 10 minutes. This time period mimics the timing of the exercise once it’s assigned. Debrief with students to ensure they understand the task and objective of the exercise. Ask: What did you notice? Have students share anything that they have questions about. Hoop Nut includes instructional audio for the exercise introduction and instructions. By default, these are presented in English. You can, however, select Spanish instructions for all, some, or individual students on the Manage page in mySciLEARN. Hoop Nut Teacher Manual 23