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5 months ago

FOUNDATIONS I Teacher Manual

  • Text
  • Overview
  • Syllables
  • Vocabulary
  • Autoplay
  • Processing
  • Struggling
  • Facilitate
  • Encourage
  • Content
  • Manual
STERK Engels Teacher Manual Foundadions !

Exercise Overview Task

Exercise Overview Task When the student clicks the Go button, Hoop Nut presents a target syllable, such as /ba/. Next, the acorn on the left moves and plays a syllable. Finally, the acorn on the right moves and plays a syllable. One of the acorns plays the target syllable and the other plays the alternate syllable for the current phoneme pair. The student must click the acorn that played the target syllable. Content In Hoop Nut, the student progresses through 5 phoneme pairs. Each pair presents 2 syllables that differ by a single phoneme: Phoneme Pair Target Syllable Alternate Syllable /aba/ /ada/ /aba/ /ada/ /ba/ /da/ /ba/ /da/ /be/ /de/ /be/ /de/ /bi/ /di/ /bi/ /di/ /va/ /fa/ /va/ /fa/ This exercise provides students with practice differentiating each consonant sound when it is used in combination with a vowel sound. Did you know? In Hoop Nut students are asked to choose between 2 syllables that sound very similar, such as /ba/ and /da/. These types of syllables are called “confusable” pairs. They contain sounds that can be difficult to tell apart when the language is unfamiliar, the speaker is unclear, or when listening in a noisy environment. Hoop Nut improves students’ ability to rapidly and accurately recognize confusable sounds. It trains the brain to act quickly so these sounds aren’t blurred together, which often results in a listener having to ask someone to repeat what they said. Our brains must be able to identify these sounds to understand what someone is saying. If a sound is perceived clearly in the first place, it’s easier to recall it clearly later. Hoop Nut helps students to clearly perceive and represent these easily confusable consonant sounds. 20 Hoop Nut Teacher Manual

Exercise Overview Progression Hoop Nut uses synthesized speech with enhanced phonetic features. Initially, the consonant sound in each syllable is highly enhanced, making it easier to perceive the difference between the phonemes. As the student progresses through the exercise, the enhancements are reduced and eventually the syllables are presented in a more natural form. Additionally, the length of time between the target and alternative syllables decreases. This pushes the brain to make increasingly fine distinctions between sounds, and to speed up. Within each phoneme pair, students progress through 26 stages. Hoop Nut adapts to the student’s performance and will provide targeted interventions if the student is continuously moving among the same few stages. • To advance to the next stage, the student must answer 3 consecutive questions correctly. If the student answers a question incorrectly, the student moves back one stage. When progressing well, the student may be allowed to skip some stages. When struggling, the student may need to work on more of the stages. To complete Hoop Nut, the student must pass all phoneme pairs at the highest stage. Wacky Questions To keep the student engaged and attentive, Hoop Nut occasionally presents “wacky” questions— easy-to-answer questions that provide a fun, unexpected break in the exercise. It includes the following wacky question pairs, with one syllable/word randomly chosen as the target syllable/word: cluck/quack (animal sounds) banana/waffle (spoken words) doorbell/horn (environmental sounds) meow/bark (animal sounds) baa/neigh (animal sounds) Wacky questions do not count toward exercise progression, so the student will not be penalized for incorrect answers. Hoop Nut Teacher Manual 21