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ELEMENTS I Teacher Manual

STERK Engels Teacher Manual Elements I

Exercise Overview

Exercise Overview Acoustically Modified Speech Have you ever worked with a student who had modifications for additional think time, extra wait time, or for teachers to speak more slowly? All of these modifications provide the student with extra time to make sense of information, also known as processing time. For students who struggle with processing speed, and for those learning a new language, slowing down the rate of speech and emphasizing specific sounds can help them develop accurate phonological representations while increasing comprehension. Fast ForWord’s acoustically modified speech technology—sometimes referred to as “glasses for the ears”—slows and emphasizes speech sounds so that students can hear all sounds in a word. This technology can even stretch out sounds that are physically impossible for human speakers to stretch on their own. “Why does everything sound so strange?” Some speech sounds, such as the /b/ sound in the word “bat,” have very fast transitional elements. When we say them aloud, these elements are easy to miss, but slowing them and emphasizing them (by presenting them at a higher volume) helps the brain process and respond to them more quickly. The modified words and syllables in the Fast ForWord exercises may sound strange or mechanical to those who process sounds quickly. But for students who need a little extra time, the modified sounds and words will be easier to identify than natural speech. As students progress, the stretching and emphasis are reduced, pushing the brain to process at faster and faster rates until it can process natural speech. Why Does Everything Sound So Strange? (Student) in Student & Teacher Resources Why Fast ForWord Sounds the Way it Does (Teacher) in Student & Teacher Resources Did you know? Phonological fluency affects reading fluency. If students are unable to quickly and easily distinguish between all the sounds presented in a word, they may mispronounce or misremember words in a passage. Building phonological memory and fluency with SonoLab can help students strengthen reading skills by training them to hear all of the sounds in a syllable or word. Phoneme: the smallest unit of sound in a word. Phonemes include all the distinct units of sound (consonants and vowels) used by the speakers of a language: /b/ /a/ /t/. Syllable: a cluster of sounds that includes exactly one vowel: bat = 1 syllable. Phonological memory: the ability to hold speech-based information in memory. We rely heavily on our phonological memory when reading and spelling. Students with poor phonological memory are unable to remember and then repeat nonsense words of increasing length and complexity. They tend to forget parts of a word or confuse the sounds and/or sequence of sounds in a word. Phonological fluency: the ability to identify and manipulate speech sounds quickly and efficiently, such as, distinguishing between the syllables /ba/ and /da/. 36 Elements I Teacher Manual

Exercise Overview Targeted Practice This exercise uses built-in, responsive technology to detect when a student is struggling and administer targeted, inline instruction—right when the student needs it—without any external resources or assistance required. This helps reduce frustration as it quickly gets students back on track, so they can continue making progress. SonoLab provides a variety of in-product interventions, such as: explanations, easier questions, coaching and focus mode. One type of intervention, Practice Mode, allows students to review a sound set by actually practicing and getting feedback on their efforts, without earning points or having it affect their progress. The sounds in SonoLab may be hard to tell apart. Can you hear the difference? Click each of the Go buttons at least two times, listen for the sound that is different, and click as soon as you hear it. Elements I Teacher Manual 37