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ELEMENTS I Teacher Manual

STERK Engels Teacher Manual Elements I

Facilitate and Encourage

Facilitate and Encourage Adjust Instruction/Intervene Differentiation Activities Differentiating instruction requires continually striving to know and to respond to each student’s needs in order to maximize learning. Use the data in Ocean Explorer reports to adjust instruction to meet each student’s needs and respond to variance among learners. The activities below are suggestions to support students who might be struggling with their progress in Ocean Explorer. Does the student understand the exercise goal/task? Observe the student as they work through the exercise demo to determine where their understanding may be breaking down. Make sure the student clearly understands the task of the exercise. Ask: Can you tell me what this exercise wants you to do? If needed, explain how the exercise works. Say, The computer will play a sound. If you hear a single sweep, you must click the up or down arrow to match the sound. If you hear a pair of sweeps, you must click the up and down arrows in the right order to match the pattern the computer played. Is the student aware that this exercise uses the 3-Forward/1-Back Rule to make forward progress? The 3-Forward/1-Back Rule means the student needs to get 3 responses correct in a row to move forward. When they get a wrong answer it will move them back. Highlight streaks with the student to show them the importance of consistency and accuracy. Use the Three-in-a-Row Worksheet to help the student visualize their progress and become more focused on accuracy and consistency. Does the student have simple sequencing skills? Start by using pairs of words, such as orange-apple, big-little. Say the word pair and have the student repeat it back to you in the same order. Vary the order of the words in the pair: orange-apple, apple-orange, apple-apple, orange-orange. Then switch to “Weep-Woop” as the word pair, and randomly speak one of the four possible variations with the student repeating the sequence for you. Next, using a small sheet of paper, draw an arrow pointing up and a downward pointing arrow below. Again, say the “Weep-Woop” variations and have the student point at the appropriate arrow sequence. 28 Elements I Teacher Manual

Facilitate and Encourage Does the student have the skills needed to detect the different directions and frequencies of the sweeps? Practice with the student focusing on sweep sequence identification. This can best be done by having the student use the Early Level Ocean Explorer demos. Have the student close their eyes while you control the exercise and they focus on listening to each sound sweep sequence. In Practice mode, randomly select different sequences until the student can demonstrate a high rate of accuracy, then allow the student to work in the demo. If the student’s accuracy dips, repeat these steps before allowing them to work independently. Does the student struggle to differentiate between tones? Sit with the student while they work on the exercise. Ask the student what they hear. If they can’t verbalize the sounds correctly, have them find a word that they can equate with the low tone and the high tone (a popular option is Me and Joe). Once students have created their own vocabulary word for each tone, direct the student to listen for them as they play along with the computer. In later levels, as the sweeps get shorter with less time in between them, is the processing load beyond what the student can handle? An extended flat line on a student’s progress graph is evidence that they may not yet be able to handle the increased processing load. Encourage them by reminding them that they have made excellent progress and that many students hit a plateau just like this in Ocean Explorer. Remind the student of the best practices for making progress in this exercise: focus, listen intently, and identify the sequence BEFORE clicking the answer. If Autoplay is on, have the student turn it off so that they can choose when to start each trial. This can help prevent students from getting incorrect answers, feeling discouragement, and giving in to frustration. Encourage the student to use the Replay feature to get their ears used to the shorter and closer together sweep sequences. Elements I Teacher Manual 29