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41 NAME:

41 NAME: ______________________________________ DATE: _____________ CLASS: ______ locate / policing / heard / locations / police / hearty / locating / policemen / heart / street / crime / protecting / starts / cream / protection / stretch / crumb / protect Hi-tech. It’s home to a stretch of coast popular with surfers and one of the oldest theme parks in the United States. Welcome to Santa Cruz. But over recent years this small Californian town like many areas has seen rise but police budgets fall. So detectives have been forced to find another method of the population. Each day before beginning their patrols the police officers meet to decide which are the priority areas. The Commissioner’s computer has established a list of ten sensitive , zones where there’s a high probability of a theft or break-in. This is called predictive , meaning being in place before the crooks. It was a mathematician who came up with this method based on earthquake aftershock data. We’re at the university of Santa Clara in the Mohler has worked on the software for three years. of Silicon Valley. George CRIME & JUSTICE - VICTIMS

41 NAME: ______________________________________ DATE: _____________ CLASS: ______ occurring / future / residential / occurrence / feature / head / probability / knew / heat / probably / knee / hate / probable / know / residence / occurrences / futures / residents / futuring / deeply / express / figuring / double / expressed / experience “Criminologist have found is that the of a crime increases the chances of more crimes in the near future, for example a burglar will often return to the same neighbourhood a week later and commit another burglary. We have created a model that estimates the risk of crimes based on recent and past crimes that have occurred”. “So here in this area if a crime does happen, and this is one of the highest risk areas in the city, it’s more likely to be a burglary with a seventy-seven percent chance, and with a twenty-three percent chance it would be an auto theft. Umm, and then times an officer should patrol this area are 7 to 8am and 8am to 9am”. Steve is ready to off on patrol in Santa Cruz with his list of hot spots. “It puts some actual scientific numbers and data behind that intuition. It’s taken us away from sort of the main or busy areas and put us out into other areas that we might not ordinarily get to.” In this residential area the is keeping his eyes open. of a burglary is higher this afternoon, so Steve “We’re right in the middle of one of the hotspots, the problem areas, and so we that gang members will go out and they’ll commit crimes they’ll commit burglaries, thefts, things of that nature to support the gang. So it’s all about contacting and out who was where at what time during the day”. Predictive policing counts on the presence of an officer in the right place at the right time. Zach Friend is in charge of the program. Budget cuts mean for him predictive policing is the logical way to go. “With less officers on the street, we need to find out how to deploy those resources more efficiently and effectively. So this program helps narrow down where our resources need to go, and because of it we can actually have less resources dedicated to it”. But does it work? In the first three months of the experiment seven people were arrested and delinquents was down by twenty percent. The program is still being tweaked, but other cities including Los Angeles have an interest. CRIME & JUSTICE - VICTIMS